Home Crosswords War Years The Times Crossword - September 1939

The Times Crossword – September 1939

2,976 (9/4 Mon)
2,977 (9/5 Tue)
2,978 (9/6 Wed)
2,979 (9/7 Thu)
2,980 (9/8 Fri)
2,981 (9/9 Sat)
2,982 (9/11 Mon)
2,983 (9/12 Tue)
2,984 (9/13 Wed)
2,985 (9/14 Thu)
2,986 (9/15 Fri)
2,987 (9/16 Sat)
2,988 (9/18 Mon)
2,989 (9/19 Tue)
2,990 (9/20 Wed)
2,991 (9/21 Thu)
2,992 (9/22 Fri)
2,993 (9/23 Sat)
2,994 (9/25 Mon)
2,995 (9/26 Tue)
2,996 (9/27 Wed)
2,997 (9/28 Thu)
2,998 (9/29 Fri)
2,999 (9/30 Sat)
The Times Crossword – September 1939 -
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      Introduction

      The Times Crossword        The War Years – Chronology

      The War Years Collection – 1939

      Sources: The Times Atlas of  The Second World War – Edited by John Keegan

                         The Times Archive

      September 3 Great Britain, France, New Zealand and Australia declare war on Germany.

      This is the transcript of Neville Chamberlain’s radio broadcast to the nation:

      “I am speaking to you from the cabinet room at 10 Downing St. This morning the British Ambassador in Berlin handed the German Government a final note stating that, unless we heard from them by 11 o’clock that they were prepared at once to withdraw their troops from Poland, a state of war would exist between us. I have to tell you now that no such undertaking has been received, and that consequently this country is at war with Germany.

      You can imagine what a bitter blow it is to me that all my long struggle to win peace has failed. Yet I cannot believe that there is anything more, or anything different, that I could have done, and that would have been more successful. Up to the very last it would have been quite possible to have arranged a peaceful and honourable settlement between Germany and Poland. But Hitler would not have it; he had evidently made up his mind to attack Poland whatever happened. And although he now says he put forward reasonable proposals which were rejected by the Poles, that is not a true statement. The proposals were never shown to the Poles, nor to us. And though they were announced in the German broadcast on Thursday night, Hitler did not wait to hear comments on them but ordered his troops to cross the Polish frontier the next morning.

      His action shows convincingly that there is no chance of expecting that this man will ever give up his practice of using force to gain his will. He can only be stopped by force, and we and France are today in fulfillment of our obligations going to the aid of Poland who is so bravely resisting this wicked and unprovoked attack upon her people. We have a clear conscience, we have done all that any country could do to establish peace, but a situation in which no word given by Germany’s ruler could be trusted, and no people or country could feel itself safe, had become intolerable. And now that we have resolved to finish it, I know that you will all play your parts with calmness and courage.”

      September 5 Germans cross R. Vistula. USA neutrality.

      September 10 BEF moves to France. Canada declares war on Germany. Battle of the Atlantic begins. Allied losses: 53 ships for 2 U-boats: 41 of 153,800 tons to U-boats.

      September 12 Chamberlain rejects Hitler’s peace plans.

      September 17 Russians invade eastern Poland.

      September 23 German-Russian demarcation line reached.

      September 27 Warsaw surrenders.

      September 29 Partition of Poland.

      September 30 General Sikorski sets up Polish government in exile in Paris. Graf Spee sinks first ship.

      October 6 End of fighting in Poland.

      October 10 Times crossword no. 3,005 Neutral relative (5,3) UNCLE SAM

      October 12 First deportation of Austrian and Czech Jews to Poland.

      October 14 HMS Royal Oak sunk in Scapa Flow by U 47.

      October 27 US Neutrality Bill passed in Senate. Allied shipping losses: 196,000 tons for 5 U-boats.

      November 18 German magnetic mines inflict heavy damage on British shipping.

      November 23 Magnetic mine analyzed by British: counter measures taken.

      November 30 USSR invades Finland. Allied shipping losses for November: 21 ships of 51,600 tons.

      December 13 Battle of River Plate – encounter Admiral Graf Spee (pocket battleship) with HMS Exeter (heavy cruiser heavily damaged and forced to retire), HMS Ajax and NZ HMS Achilles (both light cruisers lightly damaged) who tailed Graf Spee whose fuel lines were severely damaged to Montevideo port. Casualties: British dead and wounded 100; German dead and wounded 96.

      December 16 Graf Spee scuttled on the instruction of Captain Hans Langsdorff, who exonerated his remaining crew of more than 1,000 men before committing suicide. “Dulce et decorum est pro patria mori” Quintus Horatius Flaccus – “I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep” St. John, Chapter 10, Verse 11  “Greater love hath no man, than he lay down his life for his friends” (and country) – DA

      December 22 Strong Finnish counter attack.

      December 29 Finnish victory at Suommusalmi. Allied shipping losses for December: 73 ships of 189,900 tons, U-boats sink 25 for loss of 1.